An inaugural lecture by Professor Nicola S Logan.
Myopia, or short-sightedness, is a prevalent eye condition that has seen a significant rise in recent years, particularly among children. In the UK the prevalence of myopia has doubled in the last 50 years and in East Asian countries the prevalence of myopia is over 70% in adolescents. Myopia is not a benign condition as its consequences extend to various eye health risks, such as retinal detachment, maculopathy and glaucoma. Myopia is listed in the top 10 most frequent causes of registered sight impairment in the UK due to excessive eye growth causing a greater risk of eye disease. The increasing prevalence of myopia has sparked growing concerns about the potential long-term impact of myopia on both an individual’s eye health and the cost to public health. This presentation reviews our research on understanding the nature of myopia, the growing evidence base on strategies to control eye growth in children and translation of these findings to clinical practice.