Professor Judith Baxter

Emeritus Professor of Applied Linguistics 

Judith Baxter

My research specializes in language, gender and leadership in educational, business and professional contexts. The source of inspiration was an ESRC research project entitled ‘Leadership Talk and Gender in Senior Management Business Meetings in the UK’, (2012).  I have published four monographs: Speaking as Women Leaders: Meetings in Middle Eastern and Western Contexts (2016) co-authored with Haleema Ebrahim; Double-Voicing at Work (2014); The Language of Female Leadership (2010), and Positioning Gender in Discourse: A Feminist Methodology (2003), all with Palgrave Macmillan. My research regularly features in the media including the BBC2 series, Women at the Top and BBC Radio programmes such as Woman’s Hour and Business Daily. I am currently working on two projects: a monograph: Women Leaders and Gender Stereotyping in the News Media (Palgrave Macmillan); and editor of The Routledge Handbook of Gender, Language and Sexuality.

  • BA (Hons) English and History, University of East Anglia,
  • M.Sc. Educational Studies, University of Surrey
  • PhD Applied Linguistics, University of Reading
  • PGCE in Secondary English, University of Cambridge
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts

I welcome research and PhD students in the following areas:

  • Language and gender
  • Post-structuralist discourse analysis
  • Language of the workplace
  • Leadership language in business contexts
  • Classroom language
  • Semiotic and media language   


Baxter, J. In press, Speaking as Women Leaders: Meetings in Middle Eastern and Western Contexts. Basingtoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Journal Articles

Baxter, J. 2017, Resolving a gender and language problem in women’s leadership: Consultancy research in workplace discourse. Discourse & Communication, 11(2):


Baxter, J. In press. ‘Sociolinguistic approaches to gender and leadership theory. In S.R. Madsen (ed.) Handbook of Research on Gender and Leadership. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Baxter, J. In press. ‘Gender, language and leadership: Enabling women leaders.’ In B. Vine (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Language in the Workplace. New York: Routledge.

Baxter, J. In press. ‘Coping with uncertainty: gender and leadership identities in UK corporate life.’ In S. Schnurr and D. van de Mieroop (eds) Identity Struggles. Evidence From Workplaces Around the World. The Netherlands: John Benjamins.

Baxter, J. In press. ‘Freeing women political leaders from their gender stereotypes?: Reading UK newspaper texts against the grain.’ In C. Ilie and S. Schnurr (eds) Challenging Leadership Stereotypes: Discourse and Power Management. Springer Publishing Company.

Magazine articles and reports

‘Undergraduate English Language: a subject in search of an identity? Liaison 2: January 2009.

‘The Language of Female Leadership’. Research Review, Issue 7, Winter 2008-9.

'English Language at undergraduate level: its place within UK Higher Education in the 21st century'. (with Denise Santos) Southampton University: LLAS, 2008  

    Recent conference and seminar papers

    ‘Gender and the language of leadership’: Invited speaker at The Women in Business Network, Birmingham Chambers of Commerce, Monday 16th March 2015. 

    ‘Balancing the Boardroom: Gender in the Workplace’. Talk to 40 members of the Industry and Parliamentary Trust on Monday 27th October 2014 at The House of Commons. Members of Parliament and executives from business and industry. 

    ‘Talking your way to the top: Myths and Tips’: Talk to 50 women at North Highland, a global consulting firm based in Covent Garden, London, to launch their Women in North Highland network on Wednesday 17th  September 2014.  

    ‘Breaking Myths: Gendered Talk in the Boardroom.’: Invited speaker by the Business Partnership Unit and the consultancy company, Harvey Nash, to a group of 40 Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) from the Birmingham region on September 23rd  2014.  

    ‘Your situation is critical: the discursive enactment of leadership by business women in Middle Eastern and Western European contexts’. Research paper presented at the British Association of Applied Linguistics (BAAL) on Friday 5th September 2014. 

    ‘Containing Femininity?: Reading against sexualised constructions of women leaders in the news media.’ Invited guest speaker at the British Association of Applied Linguists (BAAL) Gender and Language conference at Middlesex University on Wednesday April 30th 2014, attended by 80 people.  

    ‘Gender and Leadership Language: As Seen on TV’. Inaugural lecture at The University of Aston, Tuesday 11th March 2014. 
    Gender and Leadership Discourse: The role of single and double-voicing’. Research seminar paper presented at The University of Warwick, Thursday 27th February 2014. 

    ‘Theory into Practice: Feminist Poststructuralist Discourse Analysis.’ Keynote speaker at The Eighth Nordic Conference on Language and Gender Södertörn University, Stockholm, 10-11 October 2013.

      • The Gender and Language Association (IGALA)
      • British Association of Applied Linguists (BAAL)
      • The ESRC Peer Review College
      • Editorial Board: International Journal of Business Communication; International Journal of Gender and Language
      • ESRC Peer Review College: Reviewer
      • Editor: Routledge Handbook of Language, Gender and Sexuality