Professor James Wolffsohn

James Wolffsohn


School of Life and Health Sciences
Aston University
Birmingham B4 7ET
email: j.s.w.wolffsohn@aston.ac.uk
telephone: +44 (0) 121 204 4140
fax: +44 (0) 121 204 4048

Research Group

Ophthalmic Research Group (ORG)

Research Centre

Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing (ARCHA)   

Centre for Vision and Hearing Research (CVHR)


Member of the Undergraduate Optometry Programme

 Career History

  • 1993 Honours degree in Optometry (first class), University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)

  • 1994 Membership, College of Optometrists (CoO)

  • 1994 General Optical Council (GOC) registration
  • 1997 PhD (Cardiff University)
  • 1998 Fellowship, American Academy of Optometry
  • 1999 Post Graduate Diploma in Advanced Clinical Optometry (Melbourne University)
  • 2001 Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education (Aston University)
  • 2001 Fellowship, Higher Education Academy
  • 2002 Fellowship, International Association of Contact Lens Educators
  • 2006 Fellowship, British Contact Lens Association
  • 2000 Aston University: Lecturer
  • 2002 Aston University: Senior Lecturer
  • 2006 Aston University: Reader
  • 2007 Aston University: Personal Chair in Optometry
  • 2009 Masters in Business Administration (Aston University)
  • 2010 Membership of Beta Gamma Sigma
  • 2011 Graduate of Common Purpose
  • 2011 Fellowship of Society of Biology
  • 2011 Diplomate of American Academy of Optometry (Cornea, Contact Lens and Refractive Technologies Section)
  • 2012 Fellowship of the College of Optometrists
  • 2013 Principal Fellowship of Higher Education Academy

 Teaching responsibilities

  Second Year Undergraduate

  • Contact Lenses (Module Leader)

Third Year Undergraduate and Graduate Diploma in Optometry

  • Elective Studies (Supervisor) 

Masters in Optometry

  • Ocular Prescribing (Module Leader)

Ophthalmic Doctorate

  • Advanced Contact Lenses (Module Leader)

MSc Clinical Health Management

  • Leadership (Module Leader)

Professional & Academic Experience in Research

Publications and Grants:

Over 145 research papers, 16 book Chapters and two books principally in the areas of contact lenses, intraocular lenses, accommodation and low vision. Over 220 Abstracts published at Conferences in Europe, USA, Asia and Australia. Over £3.6 million in research grants from grant awarding bodies and industry such as: Advanced Medical Optics, Advantage West Midlands, Alcon, BAE Systems, Bausch and Lomb, Birmingham Optical Group, CIBA Vision,  College of Optometrists, CooperVision, DERA, EPSRC, Hoya Corporation, Innovate UK, Johnson and Johnson, Lenstec, Oculentis, Ophtec, PhysIOL, Royal National Institute of the Blind, Topcon.

International and National Standing

British Contact Lens Association (BCLA) President (2005-6), Council (2001-7), Fellowship Consultant (2007-), Academic Chair (2014-)

Royal Society, BA Festival of Science and Big Bang Exhibits (2008, 2011,2012).

British University Committee of Optometry (2004 onwards).

Aston Optometry Lead (2005-2009).

Deputy Dean of Life and Health Sciences (2010 onwards)

International Association of Contact Lens Educators - Leadership status (2002 onwards).

British Universities Committee of Contact Lens Educators (2000 onwards) - president (2003).

Editorial Board Member for Contact Lenses and Anterior Eye (2003 onwards), Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics (2007-2010), Clinical and Experimental Optometry (2007 onwards) and Journal of Optometry (2008 onwards). 

Reviewer for all the major clinical vision research journals.

Assessor for projects submitted to UK (SPARC, NHMRC), Canadian (NSERC), Australian (ARC) and Netherlands (ZonMw) funding bodies along with organisations such as Thresher Research Fund, Stroke Association and Macular Disease Society.

Research collaboration with laboratories in USA, Hong Kong, Japan and Australia.

Invited speaker at 37 international conferences. BCLA Dallos Award External Appointments

External Appointments

External examiner for 18 theses awarded by Universities of Aston, Bradford, Cardiff, Glasgow, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Queensland University of Technology, Manchester, Melbourne and Sydney. External examiner Dublin Institute of Technology (2005-8) and University of Ulster (2006-9). External Advisor to the King Saud University, Saudi Arabia (2011-12).  Fellowship consultant to BCLA (2007 onwards).

Current and Prospective Research Areas

(see also http://www1.aston.ac.uk/lhs/research/groups/opo/)

  • Intraocular lenses. External collaboration: Prof Sunil Shah [Birmingham Midland Eye Centre, Midland Eye], Mr Sai Kolli [Queen Elizabeth Hospital Trust], Dr Graeme Young, Dr Lee Hall [Visioncare Research]; Postdoc: Dr Emma Berrow, Debbie Laughton; PhD students: Maana Aujla
  • Contact lenses and tear film. External collaboration: Prof Brian Tighe and Biomaterials Team [SEAS, Aston University], Prof Martin Rubinstein [Leicester Royal Infirmary], European Dry Eye Network (EDEN)
  • Contact lenses and orthokeratology.  External collaboration: Prof Pauline Cho [Hong Kong Polytechnic University]

  • Ocular Allergy and Dry Eye. External collaboration: Prof Roy Kennedy, Dr Louise Robertson [University of Worcester]; Post doc: Paramdeep Bilkhu

  • Development of new Optical Instrumentation. External collaboration: Colin Richards [Optimec], Dr Graeme Young, Dr Lee Hall [Visioncare Research]; Dr Toshifuma Mihashi [Tokyo institute of Technology, Japan]; Postdoc: Dr Ben Coldrick, Dr Alec Kingsnorth.

Publications since 2008

Presentations by co-authors who were undergraduate students at the time of the research are indicated with *, graduate students with † and postdoctoral students with ^. 

Torii,M Okada,Y Ukai,K Wolffsohn,JS Gilmartin,B (2008) Dynamic measurement of accommodative responses while viewing stereoscopic images. Journal of Modern Optics.  55, 557-567.

Santodomingo-Rubido,J† Wolffsohn,JS Gilmartin,B (2008) Conjunctival epithelial flaps with 18 months silicone hydrogel contact lens wear. Eye and Contact Lens. 34, 35-38.

Mitchell,J D Wolffsohn,JS Woodcock,A Anderson,SJ Fytche,T Rubinstein,M Amoaku,W Bradley,C (2008) The MacDQoL individualised measure of the impact of macular degeneration on quality of life: reliability and responsiveness. American Journal of Ophthalmology.  146, 447-454.

Gupta,N Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SN (2008)Optimising measurement of subjective amplitude of accommodation with defocus curves. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 34, 1329-1338.

Mollan,SP Wolffsohn,JS Nessim,M Laiquzzaman, Sivakumar,S Hartley,S Shah,S (2008) Goldmann, Ocular Response Analyser, Pascal and Tonopen XL tonometry in keratoconic and normal eyes. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 92, 1661-1665.

Sheppard,AL Dunne,MCM Wolffsohn,JS Davies,LN (2008) Theoretical evaluation of the cataract extraction-refraction-implantation techniques for intraocular lens power calculation. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 28, 568-576.

Gupta,N Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JS (2009) Visual comparison of multifocal contact lens to monovision. Optometry and Vision Science. 86, 98-105.

Wolffsohn,JS Hunt,OA Basra,AK* (2009) Simplified recording of soft contact lens fit. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 32, 37-42.

Peterson,RC† Wolffsohn,JS (2009) Objective grading of the anterior eye. Optometry and Vision Science. 86, 273-278.

Davies,LN Wolffsohn,JS Gilmartin,B (2009) Autonomic Correlates of Ocular Accommodation and Cardiovascular Function. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 93, 427-435.

Buckhurst,PJ† Wolffsohn,JS Shah,S Naroo,SA Davies,LN Berrow,EJ (2009) A new optical low coherence reflectometry device for ocular biometry in cataract patients. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 93, 949-953.

Gupta,N† Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SA (2009) Comparison of Near Visual Acuity and Reading Metrics in Presbyopia Correction. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. 35, 1401-1409.

Pammal,A Wolffsohn,JS Shah,S (2009) Advances in cataract surgery. Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 92, 333-342.

Fukushima T, Torii M, Ukai K, Wolffsohn JS, Gilmartin B. (2009) The relationship between CA/C ratio and individual difference in dynamic accommodative responses while viewing stereoscopic images. Journal of Vision. 13, 1-13.

Wolffsohn JS, Davies LN, Gupta NNaroo SA, Gibson GA†, Mihashi T, Shah S (2010) Mechanism of action of the Tetraflex KH3500 ‘accommodative’ intraocular lens. Journal of Refractive Surgery. 26, 858-862.

Craig JP, Purslow C, Murphy PJ, Wolffsohn JS. (2010) Effect of a liposomal spray on the pre-ocular tear film. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 33, 83-87.

Wolffsohn JS, Buckhurst PJ. (2010) Objective Analysis of Toric Intraocular Lens Rotation and Centration. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. 36, 778-782.

Wolffsohn JS, Hunt OA Choudhury A. (2010)Objective clinical performance of ‘comfort’ enhanced daily disposable soft contact lenses. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 33, 88-92.

Davies LN, Dunne MCM, Gibson GA†, Wolffsohn JS. (2010). Vergence analysis reveals the influence of axial distances on accommodation with age and axial ametropia. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 30, 371-378.

Buckhurst,PJ† Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SA Davies,LN. (2010) Rotational and Centration Stability of the Aspheric Akreos AO Intraocular Lens. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. 36, 1523-1528.

Romero,M Santodomingo,J Wolffsohn,JS. (2010) Keratoconus: a review. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 33, 157-166.

Wolffsohn,JS Davies,LN Naroo,SA Buckhurst,PJ† Gibson,GA† Gupta,N† Craig,J^ Shah,S. (2010) Evaluation of an open-field autorefractor’s ability to measure refraction and hence potential to assess objective accommodation in pseudophakes. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 95, 498-501.

Buckhurst,PJ† Wolffsohn,JS Davies,LN Naroo,SA. (2010) Surgical correction of astigmatism during cataract surgery. Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 93, 409-418.

Sheppard,A† Bashir,A† Wolffsohn,JS Davies,LN. (2010) Accommodating intraocular lenses: a review of design concepts, usage and assessment methods. Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 93, 441-452.

Wolffsohn,JS Bhogal,G† Shah,S. (2011) Effect of uncorrected astigmatism on vision. Surgical correction of astigmatism during cataract surgery. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery. 37, 454-460.

Craig,JP Shah,S Wolffsohn,JS (2011) Clinical evaluation of the Softec HD aberration-free aspheric intraocular lens. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. Letter to Editor. 39, 281-3

Cardall,M Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JS (2011) A novel, dynamic, in-vivo, non-contact method of measuring oxygen depletion rate of the anterior eye. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 34, 121-127. 

Sheppard,AL† Evans,CJ Singh,KD Wolffsohn,JS Dunne,MCM Davies,LN (2011) Three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging of the phakic crystalline lens during accommodation. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-6805

Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SA Gupta,N Emberlin,J (2011) Prevalence and impact of ocular allergy in the population attending UK optometric practice. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye.34, 133-138.

Bhogal,GK† Wolffsohn,JS (2011) Intraocular lenses: a review of technological developments and the optometrist’s role. Optometry in Practice. 12, 1-10.

Wolffsohn,JS Sheppard,AL^ Vakani,S* Davies,LN (2011) Accommodative amplitude required for sustained near work. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 31, 480-486.

Wolffsohn,JS Emberlin,J (2011) Role of contact lenses in relieving ocular allergy. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 34, 169-172.

Dickinson,C Linck,P Tudor-Edwards,R Binns,A Bunce,C Harper,R Jackson,J Lindsay,J Suttie,A Wolffsohn,J Woodhouse,M Margrain,T. (2011) A Profile of Low Vision Services in England: The Low Vision Service Model Evaluation (LOVSME) project. Eye. 25, 829-831.

Lee,H† Young,G Wolffsohn,J Riley,C (2011) The Influence of Corneo-Scleral Topography on Soft Contact Lens Fit. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 52, 6801-6806.

Buckhurst,PJ Wolffsohn,JS Gupta,N Naroo,SA Davies,LN Shah,S (2012) Development of a questionnaire to assess the relative subjective benefits of presbyopia correction. Journal of Cataract and Refractive surgery. 38, 74-79.

Bilkhu,P† Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JS (2012) A Review of Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Management of Seasonal and Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 35,9-16

Wolffsohn,JS Palmer,E Rubinstein,M Eperjesi,F (2012) The Effect of LED Colour Temperature on Magnifier Reading Performance of the Visually Impaired. Clinical and Experiemental Optometry. 95,510-514

Shah,S SheppardAL Castle,J Baker,S Buckhurst,PJ Naroo,SA Davies,LN Wolffsohn,JS (2012) Refractive outcomes of laser epithelial keratomileusis for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism using a 213 nm wavelength solid-state laser. Journal of Cataract and Refractive surgery. 38,756-751

Wolffsohn,JS Safeen,S Shah,S Laiquzzaman,M (2012) Changes of corneal biomechanics with keratoconus. Eye. 31,849-854

Best,N Drury,L Wolffsohn,JS (2012) Clinical evaluation of the Oculus Keratograph Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 35,171-174

Buckhurst,PJ Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SA Davies,LN Bhogal G, Kipuloti A, Shah,S (2012) Multifocal Intraocular Lens Differentiation Using Defocus Curves. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 53, 3920-3926

Sheppard,AL Wolffsohn,JS Bhatt,U† Hoffmann,PC Scheider,A Hütz,WW Shah,S. (2012) Clinical outcomes following implantation of a new hydrophobic acrylic toric IOL during routine cataract surgery. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 39, 41-47 

Sheppard,AL Shah, S, Bhatt,U† Bhogal,G† Wolffsohn,JS. (2013) Visual outcomes and subjective experience following bilateral implantation of a new diffractive trifocal intraocular lens. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 39, 343-349 

Bailie,M* Wolffsohn,JS Stevenson,M Jackson,AJ. (2013) Functional and perceived benefits of wearing coloured filters by patients with age related macular degeneration. Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 96, 450-454

Bhatt,UK† Sheppard,AL Shah,S Dua,HS Mihashi,T Yamaguchi,T Wolffsohn,JS. (2013) Design and validity of a miniaturised open-field aberrometer. Journal of Cataract and Refractive surgery. 39, 36-40

Bilkhu,P† Wolffsohn,JS Taylor,D Gibson,E Hirani,B Naroo,SA. (2013) The management of ocular allergy in community pharmacies in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 35, 190-4. DOI: 10.1007/s11096-012-9742-z 

Nessim,M Mollan,SP Wolffsohn,JS Laiquzzaman,M Sivakumar,S Hartley,S Shah,S. (2013). The relationship between measurement method and corneal structure on apparent intraocular pressure in glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 36,57-61

Wolffsohn,JS (2013) The benefits of UV-blocking contact lenses. Optometry in Practice. 14,61-72

Momeni-Moghaddam,HM Wolffsohn,JS Azimi,A Babaei-Malekkolaei,EB. (2013). Effect of target distance on accommodative amplitude measured using the minus lens technique. Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 97, 62-65.

Wolffsohn,JS Jinabhai,AN Kingsnorth,A Sheppard,AL Naroo,SA Shah,S Buckhurst,P Hall,LA Young,G. (2013) Exploring the optimum step size for defocus curves. Journal of Cataract and Refractive surgery. 39, 873-880.

Hirohara,Y Mihashi,T Kanda,H Morimoto,T Miyoshi,T Wolffsohn,JS Fujikado,T. (2013) Optical imaging of retina in response to grating stimuli in cats. Experimental Eye Research. 109, 1-7.

Wolffsohn,JS van der Worp,E de Brabander,J. (2013) Consensus on recording of gas permeable contact lens fit. Contact Lens & Anterior Eye. 36, 299-303.

Best,N† Drury,L Wolffsohn,JS (2013) Predicting success with silicone-hydrogel contact lenses in new wearers. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 36, 232-237.

Hall,L† Hunt,C Young,G Wolffsohn,JS (2013) Factors affecting corneoscleral topography. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 54, 3691-3701.

Béhar-Cohen,F Baillet,G De Ayguavives,T Ortega Garcia,P Krutmann,J Peña-García,P Remé,C Wolffsohn,J. (2013) Ultraviolet damage to the eye revisited: Eye-Sun Protection Factor (E-SPF®), a new UV-protection label for eyewear. Clinical Ophthalmology. 8, 87-104.

Wolffsohn,JS Drew,T† Dhallu,S† Sheppard,A Hofmann,GJ Prince,M (2013) Impact of soft contact lens edge design and midperipheral lens shape on the epithelium and its indentation with lens mobility. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 54, 1690-1696.

Bilkhu,PS† Wolffsohn,JS Naroo,SA Robertson,L Kennedy,R (2013) Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Treatments for Acute Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis. Ophthalmology. 121, 72-78.

Papas,EB Ciolino,J Jacobs,D Miller,W Pult,H Sahin,A Srinivasan,S Tauber,J Wolffsohn,J Nelson,JD + (2013) The TFOS international workshop on contact lens discomfort: report of the management and therapy subcommittee. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 54, TFOS183-203.

Schmickler,S Palomino Bautista,C Goes,F Shah,S Wolffsohn,JS (2013) Clinical evaluation of a multifocal aspheric diffractive intraocular lens. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 97, 1560-1564.

Bilkhu,PS† Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JSW (2014) Effect of a commercially available wam compress on eyelid temperature and tear film in healthy eyes. Optometry and Vision Science. 91, 163-170.

Mandal,P Berrow,EJ Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JS Uthoff,D Holland,D Shah, S (2014). Validity and repeatability of the Aladdin ocular biometer. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 98, 256-258.

Wolffsohn,JS Jackson,J Hunt,OA Cottriall,C Lindsay,J Gilmour,R Sinclair,A Harper,R (2014) An enhanced functional ability questionnaire (faVIQ) to measure the impact of rehabilitation services on the visually impaired. International Journal of Ophthalmology. 7, 77-85.

Dhallu,S† Sheppard,AL Wolffsohn,JS (2014) Evaluating the effect of splitting cylindrical power on improving patient tolerance to toric lens misalignment. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye. 37, 191-195.

Krutmann,J Béhar-Cohen,F Baillet,G De Ayguavives,T Ortega Garcia,P Peña-García,P Remé,C Wolffsohn,J. (2014) Towards standardization of UV eye protection: what can be learned from photodermatology? Photodermatology, photoimmunology and Photomedicine. 30, 128-136.

Berrow,E Wolffsohn,J Bilkhu,P† Dhallu,S† Naroo,A Shah,S. (2014) Visual performance of a new bi-aspheric, segmented, asymmetric multifocal intraocular lens. Journal of Refractive Surgery 30, 584-588.

Bilkhu,PS† Wolffsohn,JS Tang,GW* Naroo,S. (2014) Management of dry eye in UK pharmacies Contact Lens & Anterior Eye 37, 382-387.

Bilkhu,PS† Naroo,SA Wolffsohn,JS (2014) Randomised masked clinical trial of the MGDRx EyeBag for the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction related evaporative dry eye. British Journal of Ophthalmology 98, 1707-1711.

Wolffsohn,JS Drew,T Sulley,A (2014) Conjunctival UV autofluorescence – prevalence and risk factors. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye 37, 427-430.

Kingsnorth,A Wolffsohn,JS (2014) Mobile app reading speed test. British Journal of Ophthalmology. In press

Wolffsohn,JS Tharoo,A Lakhlani,N (2015) Optimal time following fluorescein instillation to evaluate rigid gas pearmeable contact lens fit. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye In press





Prof James Wolffsohn / Aston University / last updated 5 Jan 2015.