Dr Cristina Romani

School of Life and Health Sciences
Aston University

B4 7ET

telephone: +44 (0) 121 204 4081

Senior Lecturer on the Psychology Teaching Programme

Research Group
Basic and Applied Neurosciences

Research Centre

Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing (ARCHA) 

Centre for Research in Vision and Hearing (CRVH)

Cristina Romani

Research interests

I am interested in understanding cognition across ages (children, adults and older adults) and in pathological conditions such as those involving a stroke (e.g., aphasia) or a metabolic disorder (e.g., Phenylketonuria).   I am particularly interested in memory and language.  I value an approach focused on the individual and on an assessment of patterns of spare and impaired functions.  In aphasia I have successfully applied analyses of the errors made by patients to pin-point the level of linguistic impairments. I strongly value a theoretical, interdisciplinary approach between neuropsychology, linguistics, cognitive science and the neurosciences.

Research Areas

  • Memory, language and Cognition (across ages)
  • Neuropsychology (diagnosis, rehabilitation, theoretical and clinical implications)
  • Aphasia
  • Developmental Dyslexia
  • Cognition in Inherited Metabolic Disorders

 Career History

  • 2001 - Present        Senior lecturer, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.
  • 2013 - Present      Lead of Aging Mind  Cluster of ARCHA, Aston Research Centre for Healthy Aging
  • 2012 - Present      Honorary Fellow Queen Elisabeth Hospital          
  • 1992 - 1994          Research Fellow, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, UK.
  • 1990 - 1992          Research Associate, Department of Psychology, Rice University, Houston,Texas.              
  • 1992                    Ph.D. in Psychology, The Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, USA
  • 1983                    Doctor in Psychology, 110/110 cum laude, University of Rome - Rome, Italy                 


Current research projects available

 Current Funding

  • DTCL
  • Marie Curie European Fellowship
  • University of Rome
  • University of Birmingham
  • University Hospital Birmingham
  • Fondazione Santa Lucia IRCCS


Selected Publications

  • Romani, C., Olson , A. & Tsouknida, E. (2014).Order encoding and lexical learning:  Contributions to developmental dyslexia.  Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 1, 99-128.
  • Goslin, J., Galluzzi, C., & Romani, C. (2014).  Phonitalia: a phonologica lexicon for Italian. Behavior Research Methods,46,3, 872-886.   
  • Bormann, T., Romani, C., Olson, A. & Wallesch, C.W. (2014).  Morphological-compound dysgraphia in an aphasic patient: "a wild write through the lexicon".  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 31, 75-105.

  •  Olson, A.C., & Romani, C. (2011).  Model evaluation and case series data.  CognitiveNeuroPsychology28, 486-499. 

  • Romani, C., Tsouknida, E., di Betta, A-M, & Olson A. (2011).  Reduced attentional capacity, but normal processing speed and shifting of attention in developmental dyslexia:  Evidence from a serial task.  Cortex,47, 715-733.
  • Romani, C., Galluzzi. & Olson, A C (2011).  Phonological-lexical activation:  A lexical component or an output buffer? Evidence from aphasic errorsCortex,47, 217-235. 
  • Romani, C., Galluzzi, C., Bureca, I. & Olson, A. (2011). Effects of syllable structure in aphasic errors:  Implications for a new model of speech production.  CognitivePsychology, 62, 151-192.
  • Olson, A., Romani, C. & Caramazza A. (2010). The analysis and interpretation of serial position data. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 27, 134-151.

  • Romani, C., Di Betta, A.M., Tsouknida, E. & Olson, A. (2008).  Lexical and nonlexical processing in developmental dyslexia: A case for different resources and different impairments.  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 25(6), 798-830.   
  • Romani, C. Mc Alpine, S., Olson, A., & Martin, R. C. (2008).  Concreteness effects in different tasks: Evidence for semantic STM. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 61,2, 293-324
  • Olson, A.C., Romani, C. & Halloran, L. (2006).  Localizing the deficit in a case of jargonaphasia.  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 24, 2, 211-238
  • Di Betta, A-M & Romani, C. (2006).  Lexical learning and dysgraphia in a group of adults with developmental dyslexia.   Cognitive Neuropsychology, 23, 3, 376-400.
  • Romani, C., Mc Alpine, S, Olson, A., Tsouknida, E. & Martin, R. C. (2005).  Length, lexicality and articulatory suppression in immediate serial recall: Evidence against the articulatory loop. Journal of Memory and Language, 52, 398-415.
  • Romani, C. & Galluzzi, C. (2005).  Effects of syllabic complexity in predicting accuracy of repetition and direction of errors in patients with articulatory and phonological difficulties.  Cognitive Neuropsychology. 22, 7, 817-850. 
  • Romani, C., Olson, A., Ward, J., & Ercolani , M. G. (2002).  Formal lexical paragraphias in a single case study: How ‘masterpiece’ becomes ‘misterpieman’ and ‘curiosity’ ‘suretoy’.   Brain and Language, 83, 300-334. 
  • Romani, C., Olson, A., Semenza, C., & Grana’ (2002).  A. Patterns of phonological errors as a function of a phonological vs. an articulatory locus of impairment. Cortex, 38, 541-567.  
  • Ward, J. * & Romani, C. (2000). Consonant-vowel Encoding and Ortho-syllables in a case of Acquired Dysgraphia.  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 17(7), 641-663.
  • Romani, C. & Martin, R. C.(1999). A deficit in the short-term memory of lexical semantic information: Forgetting words, but remembering a story. Journal of Experimental Psychology:  General, 128 (1), 56-77.
  • Romani, C., Olson, A., & Ward, J. (1999).  Developmental surface dysgraphia:  What is the underlying cognitive impairment?  Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 52A (1), 97-128.
  • Ward, J. *& Romani, C. (1998). Serial position effects and lexical activation in spelling:  Evidence from a single case study.  Neurocase, 4, 189-206.
  • Romani, C. & Calabrese, A. (1998) Syllabic constraints on the phonological errors of an aphasic patient.  Brain and Language. 64, 83-121.
  • Ward, J. *& Romani, C. (1996).  Serial position effects in a case of deep dysgraphia.  Brain and Language, 55 (1), 124-127.
  • Romani, C., Grana’, A., & Semenza, C. (1996).  More errors on vowels than on consonants:  An unusual case of conduction aphasia. Brain and Language, 55 (1), 144-146. 
  • Romani, C. & Calabrese, A. (1996).  On the representation of geminate consonants: evidence from aphasia.  Journal of Neurolinguistics, 9 (3), 219-235.   
  • Romani, C. & Stringer, M. (1994).  Developmental dyslexia:  A problem acquiring orthographic/phonological information in the face of good visual memory and good short-term memory.  Brain and Language, 57(3), 482-485.  
  • Humphreys, G., Romani, C., Olson, A., Riddoch, M.J.  &  Duncan, J. (1994). Non -spatial extinction:  Evidence for object -based selection in vision.   Nature 372, 357-359.
  • Martin, R. C. & Romani, C. (1994).  Verbal working memory and sentence comprehension: A multiple components view. Neuropsychology. 8 (4), 506-523.
  • Romani, C.  (1994). Phonological short-term memory and syntactic parsing: A case study.  Language and Cognitive Processes. 9 (1), 29-67.  
  • Romani, C. (1992). Are there distinct input and output buffers? Evidence from a brain-damaged patient.  Language and Cognitive Processes, 7 (2), 131-162.
  • Romani, C. & Calabrese, A. (1992).  The representation of syllable structure:  Evidence from an aphasic patient.  Brain and Language, 39 (4), 593-593.   
  • Hillis, A., Rapp, B., Romani, C., & Caramazza, A. (1990). Selective impairment of semantics in lexical processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 7(3), 191- 243. 
  • Caramazza, A., Hillis, A., Rapp, B. & Romani, C. (1990). The multiple semantics hypothesis: Multiple confusions?  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 7(3), 161-189. 
  • Miceli, G., Silveri, M.C., Romani, C., & Caramazza, A. (1989). Variation in the pattern of omissions and substitutions of grammatical morphemes in the spontaneous speech of so called agrammatic patients.  Brain and Language, 36, 447-492.
  • Caramazza, A., Laudanna, A., & Romani, C. (1988). Lexical access and inflectional morphology.  Cognition, 28, 297-332.
  • Caramazza, A., Miceli, G., Villa, G., & Romani, C. (1987). The role of the graphemic buffer in spelling: Evidence from a case of acquired dysgraphia. Cognition, 26, 59-85.  


Research Students

  • Sam Westwood                  Ph.D. current (DSTL-Ministry of Defence)
  • Raffaele Nappo                   Ph.D. current  (ARCHA & University of Rome in co-tutelle)
  • Lilian Rodriquez                  Ph.D. current (co-supervision with Andrew Olson, UoB)
  • Louse Lander                      MA current (co-supervision with Andrew Olson, UoB)
  • Effie Tsouknida                   Ph.D. 2009      
  • Claudia Galluzzi                  Ph.D. 2005  (co-supervision with Andrew Olson, UoB) 
  • Anna Maria di Betta             Ph.D. 2001       
  • Sheila MacAlpine                 Ph.D. 1999       
  • Jamie Ward                         Ph.D. 1998       


Editorial Work

Associate Editor of Cognitive Neuropsychology

Dr. C Romani / Aston University / last updated January 2015