Dr Carol Holland


 Reader in Psychology 

School of Life and Health Sciences
Aston University

Birmingham B4 7ET

mailto: c.holland1@aston.ac.uk
telephone: +44 (0) 121 204 4063
fax: +44 (0) 121 204 4090

Reader on the Psychology Teaching Programme 
Director of Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing 

Research Group

Applied Health Research Group

Research Centre

Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing (ARCHA)  

Carol Holland

PhD studentships available! See here for application details, links to projects here. Please contact Carol Holland for further details; deadline 25th April.

I did my degree in Psychology at the University of Nottingham, and my doctorate at the Age and Cognitive Performance Research Unit, University of Manchester on “Patterns of Change in Ageing Memory” (1988). I am a chartered psychologist, an Associate Fellow of the BPS and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Previous employments include:

  • Research Fellow, Age & Cognitive Performance Research Centre, University of Manchester
  • Assistant Director, Age & Cognitive Performance Research Centre, University of Manchester
  • Lecturer in Cognitive Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Leeds

 Research Interests

Psychology of ageing & cognition

Driver, pedestrian and other risk behaviour

Older adults' health behaviour

Links between physical and cognitive frailty, resilience, quality of life and need for care

Current Project: The Longitudinal ExtraCare study (PI);  

Current Project: Frailty Management Optimisation though EIP AHA Commitments and Utilisation of Stakeholders input (FOCUS)


Second year undergraduate course: The Psychology of Ageing

Masters in Cognitive Neuroscience

PhD Supervisions: 8 to completion, 3 in progress

Publications (C.A. Holland, née Winthorpe) 

Geraghty J, Holland CA, (2016, in press) Examining links between cognitive markers, movement initiation & change, and pedestrian safety in older adults, accepted in Accident Analysis and Prevention 
Apóstolo J, Cooke R, Bobrowicz-Campos E, Santana S. Marcucci M, Cano A, Vollenbroek M, Holland C. (2016) Predicting risk and outcomes for frail older adults: an umbrella review of available frailty screening tools. JBI Database of systematic reviews & implementation reports 13(12): 14-24 http://joannabriggslibrary.org/index.php/jbisrir/article/view/2468 
Apostolo, J, Holland, C, O’Connell MDL, Feeney J, Tabares-Seisdedos, R, Tadros,G., Campos, E,  Santos, N. Robertson, DA, Marcucci M, Varela-Nieto, Crespo-Facorrom B, Vieta, E. Navarro-Pardo, E, Selva-Vera G, Balanzá-Martínez V, Cano, A (2016) Mild cognitive decline. A position statement of the Cognitive Decline Group of the European Innovation Partnership for Active and Healthy Ageing (EIPAHA) Maturitas http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.10.008 
 Apostolo J, Cooke R, Bobrowicz-Campos E, Santana S, Marcucci M, Cano A, Vollenbroek M, Holland C. (2015) Effectiveness of the interventions to prevent progression of pre-frailty and frailty in older adults: a systematic review protocol. JBI Library of Systematic Reviews.  http://joannabriggslibrary.org/index.php/jbisrir/article/view/2468
Musselwhite CBA, Holland C, Walker, I. (2015). The Role of Transport and Mobility in the Health of Older People. Journal of Transport & Health, 2(1), 1-4
Gwyther H, Holland, CA. (2015) An intervention encouraging planned self-regulation and goal setting in drivers across the lifespan: testing an extended theory of planned behaviour.  Journal of Transport & Healthdoi:10.1016/j.jth.2015.02.007
Shaw, R.L., Pattison, H.M. Holland, C.A. & Cooke, R. (2015) Be SMART: examining the experience of implementing the NHS Health Check in UK primary care.  BMC Family Practice
 Gwyther, H, Holland C. (2014)  Feelings of vulnerability and effects on driving behaviour–A qualitative study Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 24, 50-59
 Holland, C.A., Cooper, Y., Shaw, R.C., Pattison, H., Cooke, R. (2013) Effectiveness and uptake of screening programmes for coronary heart disease and diabetes: A realist review of design components used in interventions. BMJ open2013;3:e003428 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003428
Holland, C.A. & Rathod, V. (2013) Influence of personal mobile phone ringing and usual intention to answer on driver error, Accident Analysis and Prevention 50 793– 800.
Holland, C.A. Ridout, N., Walford, E. Geraghty, J. (2012) Executive function and emotional focus in autobiographical memory specificity in older adults, Memory   DOI:10.1080/09658211.2012.703210
Holland, C.A. & Rathod, V. (2012) The influence of personal mobile phone ringing and usual intention to answer on driver error Accident Analysis and Prevention http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.07.004
Gwyther, H.E.& Holland, C.A. (2012) The effect of age, gender and attitudes on self-regulation in driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 45, 19-28
Holland, C.A., Shah, K., Geraghty, J.(2010) Differential moderating effect of locus of control on effect of driving experience in young male and female drivers. Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 821-826
Holland, C.A. & Hill, R. (2010) Factors predicting unsafe crossing decisions in adult pedestrians across the lifespan: A simulation study, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42, 1097-1106.
Holland, C.A., Hill, R., & Cooke, R. (2009) Understanding the role of self-identity in habitual risky behaviours: pedestrian road crossing decisions across the lifespan. Health Education Research, 24, 674-685
Holland, C.A., Everitt, P., Johnson, A. & Devi, R. (2008) The ‘Healthy Passport’ intervention with older people in an English urban environment: effects of incentives and peer-group organisers in promoting healthy living. Ageing & Society 28, (4), pp 525-549,  doi:10.1017/S0144686X07006939
Holland, C.A. (2007). Driving with dementia - to what extent is risk of accident really increased? PSIGE Newsletter (BPS): Psychology Specialists working with older people. 98 ISSN 1360-3671 
Holland, C.A. & Hill, R. (2007) The effect of Age, Gender and Driver Status on Pedestrians' Intentions to Cross the Road in Risky Situations. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 39 (2) 224-237 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2006.07.003
Dunbar, G., Holland, C.A. & Maylor, E.A. (2004) Older Pedestrians: A critical review, Road Safety Research Report, No. 37,� DfT: London. http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roadsafety/research/rsrr/theme1/olderpedestriansacriticalrev4738
Holland, C.A., Handley, S. & Feetham, C. (2003) Older drivers, Illness and Medications, Road Safety Research Report No. 39. Department for Transport: London. ISSN 1468-9138 http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roadsafety/research/rsrr/theme3/olderdriversillnessandmedica4771?version=1
Holland, C.A. (2001) Older Drivers: A review. Road Safety Research Report No. 25, DfT: London. http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roadsafety/research/rsrr/theme3/olderdriversaliteraturerevie4770
Holland, C.A. and Fletcher, J, (2000). The effect of slowing speech rate at natural boundaries on older adults’ memories for auditorially presented stories. Australian Journal of Psychology, 52, 149-154.
Holland, C.A., Rabbitt, P., McInnes, L. and Ghali, N. (1996) A Cross-sectional examination of effects of depression, age, gender and socio-economic group on cognitive performance: Do previously found relationships differ when a depression inventory specifically designed for use with older people is employed? Facts and Research in Gerontology, 1-14.
Holland C.A., Conner M.T. (1996). Exceeding the speed limit: an evaluation of the effectiveness of a police intervention. Accid Anal Prev. Sep;28(5):587-97.
Rabbitt, P., Carmichael, A., Jones, S. and Holland, C.A. (1996) When and why older drivers give up driving. AA Foundation for Road Safety research.
Holland, C.A. and Conner, M.T. (1996) Short and long-term effects of a police initiative on speeding behaviour and attitudes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 28. 587-597.
Holland, C.A. (1995) Ageing Memory. In F. Glendenning and I.A. Stuart-Hamilton. Psychology: Changes in Old Age. Avebury Press.
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1994). The problems of being an older driver: A comparison of the perceptions of an expert group (driving instructors) and of older drivers themselves. Applied Ergonomics, 25 (1) 17-27.
Holland, C.A. (1993). Self-bias in older drivers’ judgments of accident likelihood. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 25 431-441.
Holland, C.A. (1992). The wider importance of autobiographical memory research. In M.A. Conway, D. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds) Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical memory.The Netherlands: Kluwer.
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1992). Effects of age-related reductions in processing resources on text recall. Journals of Gerontology, 47. P129-P137.
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1992). People’s awareness of their age-related sensory and cognitive deficits and the implications for road safety. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 6. 217-231.
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1991). The Course and causes of Cognitive Change with Advancing age. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 1. 81-86
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1991). Ageing Memory: Use versus Impairment. British Journal of Psychology. 82, 29-38.
Holland, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A, (1990). Autobiographical and text recall in the elderly: An investigation of a processing resource deficit. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 42A (3) 441-470
Winthorpe, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A. (1988). Working memory capacity, I.Q., Age and the ability to recount autobiographical events. In M.M. Gruneberg, P.E. Morris and R.N. Sykes (eds) Practical Aspects of memory: Current research and Issues, Vol.2. Clinical and educational Implications. Chichester, Wiley.
Winthorpe, C.A. and Rabbitt, P.M.A. (1988). What do Old people remember? The Galton paradigm reconsidered. In M.M. Gruneberg, P.E. Morris and R.N. Sykes (eds) Practical Aspects of memory: Current research and Issues, Vol.1. Memory in Everyday Life. Chichester, Wiley.

Current and Recent Research Funding

2014 Attentional switching flexibility between time and space in older adults: Investigation of mechanisms, relation to driving and potentials for rehabilitation.Rees Jeffreys Road Fund/Aston University 50/50 Studentship. C. Holland & Klaus Kessler

2014 Structured autobiographical memory training as a preventive strategy for cognitive and social functioning decline. Abbeyfield PhD Studentship, C. Holland (PI), N. Ridout, I. James

Aston Laboratory for Immersive Virtual Environments (ALIVE), Wolfson Infrastructure Grant, PI: Meese; Co-PIs: Kessler, Holland, Lumsden, Andersen, 2014.

Collaborative Research between Aston Research Centre for Healthy Ageing (ARCHA) and the ExtraCare Charitable Trust.  C. Holland (PI), K. West, G. Leask, M. Carter, R. Cooke, R.Shaw, R. Powell (ARCHA). ExtraCare Charitable Trust, 2012-15.

Mobility changes in older age: Neuropsychological, neurophysiological and cognitive predictors of successful adaptation in real world scenarios. ARCHA studentship C. Holland (PI) S.Hall, K.Rochelle, P.Furlong, 2011-2014    

Older people, information and choice: assessing the reconfiguration of social care and health care for older people, ARCHA studentship, A.Dodds (PI), K. West, C. Holland, 2011-2014.

Evaluation of the Vascular Screening Programme. R. Cooke (PI), H. Pattison, R. Shaw, C. Holland, E. Peel (all LHS, Aston University). Heart of Birmingham Teaching Primary Care Trust, 2010-12.

 Perception of risk, feelings of vulnerability and effects on driving behaviour of women drivers across the lifespan, PI Holland, R. Hill, Goodmedia Ltd, ESRC CASE studentship