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Dr Xuming Zhang

Lecturer in Pharmacy 

School of Life & Health Sciences
Aston University
Birmingham
B4 7ET
UK

Tel: 0121 204 4828
Email:
x.zhang39@aston.ac.uk
Room: MB354

Office Hours: Normal Working Hours

Xuming Zhang Profile Photo

I joined Aston university as a lecturer in neuroscience in 2017. Prior to that, I was a lecturer at the University of Aberdeen after a period of independent research funded by an MRC new investigator award at the University of Cambridge. I carried out my postdoctoral research with Prof. Peter McNaughton at the University of Cambridge after received a Ph.D degree in China.

Associate fellow in Higher Education, University of Aberdeen, 2016

Ph.D Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, 2001

  • 2017-present, lecturer, Aston university
  • 2014-2016, Lecturer, University of Aberdeen
  • 2009-2013, MRC independent research fellow, University of Cambridge
  • 2002-2008, Postdoctoral research fellow, University of Cambridge

I am interested in the molecular mechanisms of pain and itch. Pain is one of the most common medical conditions affecting quality of life of many patients. Pain signals are generated by specialized sensory receptors (or nociceptors) on peripheral sensory nerve endings followed by transmission via afferent nerve fibres to the brain where pain is interpreted. Damage to and interference with the pain pathway can markedly affect pain sensation, leading to either enhanced pain (hyperalgesia) or pain inhibition (analgesia). Notably, a family of Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) ion channels (e.g. TRPV1, TRPA1) have emerged as critical sensory nociceptors responsible for detecting noxious thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli. TRP ion channels have thus become targets for analgesics. The first line of my research is to investigate the function and modulation of TRP ion channels in sensory neurons under physiological and disease conditions, and how they contribute to hyperalgesia. This research has led to several high impact publications, such as Neuron, Nature Cell Biology, EMBO J and Journal of Neuroscience. They have promoted our understanding of molecular underpinnings of pain with therapeutic implications.

The second aspect of my research is to decipher the molecular links between the pain signalling system and the metabolic system. Pain sensitivity is influenced by the body metabolic status. Indeed, pain is often reported in old people known to have a lower metabolic rate. Metabolic disorders such as diabetic neuropathy are often associated with enhanced pain sensitivity. Reciprocally, pain signalling modulates body metabolism and promotes diet-induced obesity. Understanding how pain sensitivity is determined by the metabolic status offers a unique means to unravel the mechanisms of pain and to identify novel therapeutic targets.

The third area of interest is to understand the mechanisms of itch (pruritus). Itch is another somatic sensation and is a common symptom associated with many diseases such as cholestatic liver disease and diabetes. Itch is closely linked to pain, but is transduced via distinct neural pathways. Interestingly, TRP ion channels, such as TRPV1 and TRPA1, not only mediate pain, but also carry itch. We are interested in the molecules and signalling pathways that mediate itch.
We use electrophysiology, molecular biology, protein biochemistry and imaging combined with behavioural approaches to address our queries.
 

Medical Research Council

Royal Society

  1. Hasan R, Leeson-Payne AT, Jaggar JH and Zhang X. Calmodulin is responsible for Ca2+-dependent regulation of damage sensing TRPA1 ion channels. Scientific Reports 2017 7, 45098.Pubmed.
  2. Zhang X. Molecular sensor and modulators of thermoreception. Channels (Austin) 2015, 9(2): 73-81. Pubmed
  3. Zhang X. Targeting TRP ion channels for itch relief. Journal Archives of Pharmacology (Naunyn-Schmiedeberg) 2015, 388(4): 389-399. Pubmed
  4. Li L, Hasan R and Zhang X. The basal thermal sensitivity of the TRPV1 ion channel is determined by PKCII. Journal of Neuroscience 2014, 34(24): 8246-58. Pubmed   
  5. Than JY, Lin Li, Hasan R and Zhang X. Excitation and modulation of TRPV1, TRPM8 and TRPA1 ion channel expressing sensory neurons by the pruritogen chloroquine. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2013, 288(18):12818-27.Pubmed
  6. Lin Li and Zhang X. Differential inhibition of the TRPM8 ion channel by Gq and G11. Channels. 2013. 18, 7(2): 115-8. Pubmed
  7. Zhang X*, Mak S, Li L, Martin AP, Denlinger B, Belmonte C and McNaughton PA*. Direct inhibition of the cold-activated TRPM8 ion channel by Gq. Nature Cell Biology 2012, 14(8): 8518. ( * co-senior author). Pubmed
  8. Fan H-C, Zhang X and McNaughton PA. Activation of TRPV4 ion channel is enhanced by phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry.2009, 284(41): 27884-91.Pubmed.
  9. Mak S, Zhang X and McNaughton PA. Temperature sensation. Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences (2009).
  10. 1Zhang X, Li L and McNaughton PA. Pro-inflammmatory mediators modulate the heat-gated ion channel TRPV1 via scaffolding protein AKAP79/150. Neuron 2008, 59(3): 450-61.Pubmed
  11. Smith ES, Zhang X, Cadiou H and McNaughton PA. Proton binding sites involved in the activation of acid-sensing ion channel ASIC2a. Neuroscience Letters 2007, 426(1): 12-7. Pubmed
  12. Huang J, Zhang X, McNaughton PA. Modulation of temperature-sensitive TRP channels. Semin Cell Dev Biol, 2006; 17(6): 638-45. Pubmed
  13. Zhang X, McNaughton PA. Why pain gets worse: the mechanisms of heat hyperalgesia. J Gen Physiol, 2006; 128(5): 491-3. Pubmed
  14. Huang J, Zhang X, McNaughton PA. Inflammatory pain: the cellular basis of heat hyperalgesia. Current Neuropharmacology, 2006; 4, 197-206. Pubmed
  15. Zhang X, Huang J and McNaughton PA. NGF rapidly increases membrane expression of TRPV1 heat-gated ion channels. EMBO Journal, 2005; 24(24): 4211-23. Featured in “Nature Research Highlights”, Nature 2005, 438(15): p893. Pubmed
  16. Zhang X, Deng Z, Qu Z and Ni J. Oxidized low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein induce the expression of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 in human peripheral blood monocytes. Chinese Journal of Atheroclerosis 2001, 9(3):198-202.