Ocular pharmacology and therapeutics

Key information

Duration: Duration times vary. Use the contact details below to enquire about this.

Location:  This is a distance learning course, delivered by e-learning. Access to course materials will be given by Aston University after the registration procedure has been completed.

Fee: £1000 (2016/17) £1100 (2017/18) per delegate 

Entry requirements: None

How to apply: Please complete an online application form for the month that you wish to be considered for:

March 2017

October 2017

Deadline to apply: 31st January for the March intake, and 31st August for the October intake

Further information: Tel: 0121 204 3906 or email: optometrycpd@aston.ac.uk

Aims of this module

Following successful completion of this module, you should be able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of ocular immunology and microbiology
  • Demonstrate an understanding of pharmacology and relate this to ocular therapeutic drugs
  • Interpret the legal basis and frameworks for prescribing
  • Prescribe safely and professionally as an individual or as part of a team.

Module content

General and ocular immunology and microbiology

  • Characteristics of infectious agents (including bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa)
  • Normal flora
  • Recognition and diagnosis of microbial infection of the eye and adnexa
  • Transmission and (in vitro and in vivo) control of infectious agents
  • Natural and acquired immunity
  • Cells of the immune system and communication between cells
  • Hypersensitivity   

Principles of pharmacology

  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Drug formulation and delivery

Ocular pharmacy and therapeutics

  • Adverse reactions to drugs
  • Drug use in special groups, genetic and ethnic influences on drug responses, contraindications, interactions
  • Drug development and testing
  • Analgesics
  • Anti-infective drugs
  • Vasoconstrictors, anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory drugs   
  • Drugs used in the treatment of dry eye
  • Drugs used in the treatment of retinopathy and maculopathy
  • Drugs used in the treatment of glaucoma   

Medicines and the law

  • Drug legislation, licensing, legal and professional frameworks
  • Relationships between the non-medical prescriber and statutory professional bodies
  • Working within clinical governance frameworks that include audit of prescribing practice
  • Risk management   

Effective prescribing

  • Utilising sources of drug information
  • Prescription writing
  • Record keeping
  • Data protection   

Medication errors and pharmacovigilence   

Influences on prescribing practice and prescribing context (misuse of medicines)   

Public health policy

  • Antibiotic use and resistance   

Monitoring concordance with and response to treatment

  • How to review the working and differential diagnosis
  • How to modify treatment or refer, consult and seek appropriate guidance   

Ethical issues in healthcare practice

  • Ethical codes of practice
  • Ethics in professional-patient relationships
  • Ethics in inter-professional relationships
  • Patient confidentiality
  • Consent and prescribing
  • Shared approach to prescribing (taking account of preferences and values of patients and carers).