Research Areas

Business and Community Pharmacy


  1. Main research and teaching areas (Near patient pharmacyPharmacy education and Development of novel drug formulations)
  2. Working with Business (How the research works or can work with business)
  3. Teaching and Research (How the research feeds back into teaching or teaching forms part of the research). 

Main research and teaching areas 

Near patient pharmacy

This includes doctoral and other projects / commissions in the following areas:

  • Latent errors in dispensaries
  • Electronic prescribing support tools in paediatrics
  • Development of a paediatric drug dosing database
  • Medicines reconciliation
  • Transfer of care
  • Hospital service changes to support primary-care
  • Community pharmacy support for elderly patients receiving multiple medications (polypharmacy)
  • The benefits of clinical pharmacists within hospital emergency departments.

Pharmacy education

  • Development of integrated pharmacy postgraduate education
  • Distance learning packages for pharmacists
  • Development of further education for pharmacy technicians
  • Teaching children how to swallow tablets
  • Comparison of clinical pharmacy practice across European states. 

Development of novel drug formulations

  • Development of oral-dispersible (fast-melt) tablets
  • Development of fast-dissolving films as a carrier for medication
  • Palatability and acceptability studies of medicines for children. 

Working with Business

 Translational research centred on the work of the APU and its collaborators is already making a difference in a number of areas including:

  • Provision of unlicensed medicines for children
  • Development of hospital support services to patients in the community
  • Paediatric medication reconciliation

Exciting developments in novel drug formulation will lead to new products being made commercially available soon.

The APU can provide support to businesses, professional groups and healthcare stakeholders in the following areas:

  • Drug formulation development
  • Palatability and acceptability testing of products
  • Product shelf life of unlicensed (or manipulated licensed) medicines
  • Surveys of Healthcare Professionals and consumer groups
  • Transfer of care advice and support
  • Research skills training.


Teaching and Research

Research forms an integral part of teaching both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Research conducted by the APU team and its collaborators informs both practice and scientific changes that informs teaching content and delivery. Current areas are diverse and include the following:

  • Medication reconciliation
  • Drug funding pathways and commissioning
  • Prescribing practice
  • Error management and behavioural change
  • Transfer of care
  • Students associated with the APU are currently involved in the following:
  • Development of a paediatric drug dose database
  • Paediatric prescribing support tools
  • Medication reconciliation for paediatric patients
  • Latent errors in pharmacy dispensary practice
  • Behavioural change in specialised services pharmacists
  • Potential cost benefits of teaching children to take tablets
  • Medication access issues in renal transplant patients
  • Patient satisfaction of a novel out-patient dispensary
  • The use of dexamethasone in neurosurgical patients
  • Clinical pharmacy review of out-patient clinic letters
  • Medication issues of patients undergoing treatment of uveitis.


NEW APU logo