Quick Detection of Brain Tumors and Edemas: A Bounding Box Method Using Symmetry

Dr Nilanjan Ray
University of Alberta

Date: 4th May 2011 (Wednesday)
Time: 10:00 - 11:00
Venue: MB504

A significant medical informatics task is indexing patient databases according to size, location, and other characteristics of brain tumors and edemas, possibly based on magnetic resonance (MR) imagery. This requires segmenting tumors and edemas within images from different MR modalities. To date, automated brain tumor or edema segmentation from MR modalities remains a challenging and computationally intensive task. Here we propose a novel automated, fast, and approximate segmentation technique. The input is a patient study consisting of a set of MR slices, and its output is a subset of the slices that include axis-parallel boxes that circumscribe the tumors. Our approach is based on an unsupervised change detection method that searches for the most dissimilar region (axis-parallel bounding boxes) between the left and the right halves of a brain in an axial view MR slice. This change detection process uses a novel score function based on Bhattacharya coefficient computed with gray level intensity histograms. We prove that this score function admits a very fast (linear in image height and width) search to locate the bounding box. The average dice coefficients for localizing brain tumors and edemas, over ten patient studies, are 0.57 and 0.52 respectively, which significantly exceeds the scores for two other competitive region-based bounding box techniques.

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