Phase II of this project was completed at the end of 2011, and plans for continuation will be shortly announced.
Biomass is any plant material which can be used as a fuel, such as
energy crops, wood, agricultural waste and vegetable oils. Biomass can
be burned directly to generate power, or processed to create gas or
liquids to be used as fuel for production of power, transport fuels and
chemicals. Biomass currently accounts for just 0.43% of the UK's
energy, but it is seen as one route to meeting EU targets for reduction
of CO2 emissions and increased use of renewable energy.
The project is studying the production of different types of biomass
and investigating their behaviour in thermal conversion processes, with
particular emphasis on the interaction and interface between production
and conversion. Conversion processes are being investigated to improve
their performance. Finally the bioenergy products are being expanded to
include transport fuels and renewable chemicals within the context of a
biorefinery. A wide range of system studies are included to evaluate
the performance, cost, and socio-economic benefits of a wide range of