Professor Pawan Budhwar (PhD, MCIPD, FBAM, FHEA, AcSS)

Pawan Budhwar

A member of the Work and Organisational Psychology Group and Director of the Aston India Foundation for Applied Research, Pawan is globally renowned for his research into the international aspects of HRM, and has held many visiting professorships worldwide.

Pawan’s research interests lie mainly in the international perspectives of HRM. He conducts the majority of his empirical work overseas, especially in India. Pawan’s work is of great significance given the links with developments within the Indian economy and the scarcity of research in the field within this context. His previous work has been extensively used by academics, especially his three-level framework of factors influencing HRM in a given context. He has examined HRM systems in developing countries and established links with social, cultural, political and legal contexts, and this is increasingly being referenced by other researchers.

He has received  funding from ESRC to investigate HR and internal marketing in Indian Call Centres, wherein he highlighted many people management related issues and challenges, and the problems emerging in this sector.

Position: Professor of International HRM
Phone: +44(0)121 204 3049
Email: p.s.budhwar@aston.ac.uk
Room: SW8012

Inaugural lecture by Prof Pawan Budhwar in Jananuary 2010.
  • BA (Economics and Geography), University College, Rohtak, India 1984
  • MBA (Personnel Management and Marketing), M.D. University, Rohtak, India, 1986
  • MA (Industrial Sociology), M.D University, Rohtak, India, 1988
  • MPhil (Industrial Sociology), M.D. University, Rohtak, India 1990
  • PhD (Cross-National Comparative HRM), Manchester Business School, 1998
  • Chartered Member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, 2011

Employment & Key Positions held

  • 1988 - 1993 Full-time Lecturer at Department of Business Administration, MD University Rohtak, India
  • 1995 Tutor for Organisational Behaviour & Organisation Development & Statistics, Manchester Business School
  • 1997 Lecturer, Cardiff Business School
  • 2002 Senior Lecturer, Cardiff Business School
  • 2002-2003 Programme Director, MSc HRM, Cardiff Business School
  • 2003 Deputy Director, Asian Accounting Finance and Business Research Unit, Cardiff Business School
  • 2003 Reader in Organisational Behaviour and HRM, Aston Business School
  • 2004 Visiting Professor, ADHEC, France
  • 2204 Track Chair, OB/HR, EURAM Conference, Munich, Germany
  • 2004-2006 Associate Editor, International Journal of Organizational Analysis
  • 2005-2007 Research Convenor, Work & Organisational Psychology Group, Aston Business School
  • 2005 Visiting Professor, University of Trier, Germany
  • 2006 Visiting Professor, Groupe ESC Toulouse Business School, France
  • 2006 Professor of International HRM, Aston Business School
  • 2006 Director, Aston Centre for Human Resources
  • 2006 Associate Editor, International Journal of Cross Cultural Management
  • 2006 Track Chair, OB/HR, 5th Asia Academy of Management Conference, Tokyo
  • 2007-2010 Senior Associate Editor, British Journal of Management
  • 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011 Visiting Professor, University of Trier, Germany
  • 2007 Track Chair, HR, 9th APROS Conference, New Delhi
  • 2007 Director, Aston Indian Foundation for Applied Research, Aston University
  • 2007 Fellow of The Higher Education Academy, UK
  • 2007 - 2009 Head, Work & Organisational Psychology Group, Aston Business School
  • Advisor to Commonwealth Commission for Awards of Scholarship and Fellowships from October 2007 - Summer 2013
  • Co-Track Chair, HRM, 6th Asia Academy of Management Conference to be held from 14 - 16 December, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Caucus Chair for Academy of Management 2009 Meetings
  • Co-Founder and First President of Indian Academy of Management, 2009 - 2012 
  • Conference Chair, 11th International HRM Conference, June 2010, Aston University
  • 2010-2014 Visiting Professor, MDI, India
  • 2010-2013, Associate Dean of Research, Aston Business School
  • Co-Chair, 25th Annual British Academy of Management Conference, September 2011, Aston University
  • Council Member of British Academy of Management 2011 - 2014.
  • HRM Track and SIG Co-chair, British Academy of Management (2010 - ).
  • Associate Editor Human Resource Management (August 2011 - ).
  • 2012, Fellow, British Academy of Management
  • 2012, Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences
  • Joint Editor-in-Chief of British Journal of Management (January 2014)
  • Member of Scientific Committee for the Association of Business Schools International Guide to Academic Journal Quality (June 2013 – present)
  • Indian Academy of Management Professional Development Workshop Chair, 2013, 2014, AOM Meetings.
  • Chair of Awards Sub-committee, British Academy of Management (2012 – present)
  • BH1109, International Perspectives in Organisations
  • BH3393, Global Working
  • BHM390, Strategic Human Resource Management in a Global Context
  • BHMPROJ, Masters Project
  • BUP100, Undergraduate Placement Assessment
  • DISS1, Dissertation Part 1
  • DISS2, Dissertation Part 2
  • DR1SUP, Doctoral Supervision 1
  • DR2SUP, Doctoral Supervision 2
  • DR3SUP, Doctoral Supervision 3
  • MBAPROJ, Project Part B
  • Projects being pursued: HRM Systems of Indian MNEs, 
  • Expatriate management, Counter productive work processes
  • HRM and performance, 
  • HRM in emerging markets with a focus on India
  • International Human Resource Management

  • ESRC Grant to conduct HR and Internal Marketing related research in Indian call centres, 2006-2008 (£100826, with Neeru Malhotra).

  • Society for HRM Foundation (USA) Grant to Examine HRM Strategies & Practices across Subsidiaries in Multinational Corporations from Emerging Economies – An Indian Perspective, 2008-2010 (US $36228, with Mohan Thite and Adrian Wilkinson of Griffith University, Australia).

  • Science Bridge Grant to investigate Bio-energy: Technology and Business Solutions for the UK and India, 2009-2012 (£1.5 mn in total with School of Engineering, Aston University. Aston Business School’s share = £117,000 with Prasanta Dey).

  • British Academy Conference Award (£17475) for 11th IHRM Conference, 2010.

  • ESRC CASE Studentship, 2011-2014 (£75,000) Public Sector Organisational Redesign: Exploring Links between Organisational Redesign, Innovation, Human Resource Management and Service Delivery (with Judy Scully).

  • ESRC Grant, 2011 (£10,000) on ESRC Emerging Economies Review (with Sumon Bhaumik).

  • ESRC Seminar, 2011-12 (£15,000) Organizational innovation, people management and sustained performance: towards a multi-level framework for medium-sized businesses (with Helen Shipton – Aston University, Helen Bimrose - Warwick University and Paul Sparrow - University of Lancaster).

  • KEEN Grant 2013-2015 (£86,000) To develop assessment tools to demonstrate financial and social impact of My Time CIC (Community Interest Company) Services (with Judy Scully and Jo Lyubovnikova).

  • EREBUS Placement Grant 2012-2013 (£7,000) Mapping areas of potential collaboration for future partnership opportunity (with Judy Scully and Carole Parkes).

  • ERDF Grant on Innovation Vouchers 2012 (£237,862) with Nick Theodorakoulos, Geoff Parkes, and Stathis Tapinos (2013-2015).

  • KTP Grant 2014-2016 (£139,722) To Conceptualise, Design, Deliver and Evaluate a Workforce Intelligence Planning System for a Multi-organisational Enterprise in the legal sector (with Judy Scully and Ben Clegg).

  • Chartered Member, Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. (February 2011 - Present)
  • Member, Indian Academy of Management. (2009 - Present)
  • Member, Asia Academy of Management. (2000 - Present)
  • Member, Academy of International Business. (1996 - Present)
  • Member, Academy of Management (USA). (1996 - Present)
  • Member, British Academy of Management. (1995 - Present)
  • Fellow, Higher Education Academy. (2002 - Present)


  • Shipton, H., Budhwar, P., Sparrow, P. and Bimrose, J. (2015) (Eds) Human Resource Management, Innovation and Performance:  Looking across Levels. Basingstoke: Palgrave (Forthcoming).
  • Budhwar, P. and Mellahi, K. (2015) (Eds) Handbook of Human Resource Management in the Middle East. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (Forthcoming).
  • Thite, M., Wilkinson, A. and Budhwar, P. (2015) (Eds) Indian Multinationals: Taking India to the World. Oxford University Press (Forthcoming).
  • Horwitz, F. and Budhwar, P. (2014) (Eds) Handbook of Human Resource Management in Emerging Markets. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (In Press).
  • Crawshaw, J., Budhwar, P. and Davis, A. (2014) (Eds) Human Resource Management: Strategic and International Perspectives. London: Sage.
  • Varma, A. and Budhwar, P. (2013) (Eds.) Managing Human Resources in Asia-Pacific. Routledge: London.
  • Budhwar, P. and Varma, A. (2011) (Eds.) Doing Business in India. London: Routledge.
  • Budhwar, P., Schuler, R. and Sparrow, P. (2009) (Eds.) Major Works in International Human Resource Management. London: Sage (4 Volumes).
  • Budhwar, P. and Bhatnagar, J. (2009) The Changing Face of People Management in India. London: Routledge.
  • Varma, A., Budhwar, P. and DeNisi, A. (2008) (Eds.) Performance Management Systems around the Globe. London: Routledge.
  • Budhwar, P. and Mellahi, K. (2006) (Eds.) Managing Human Resources in the Middle East. Routledge: London.
  • Budhwar, P. and Debrah, Y. (2004) (Eds.) HRM in Developing Countries. London: Routledge (Paper Back Edition). 

Journal Articles

  • Pichler, S., Varma, A., Michel, J., Budhwar, P., Levy, P. and Sharma, A. (2015) Leader-Member Exchange, Group and Individual-Level Procedural Justice and Reactions to Performance Appraisals. Human Resource Management (Forthcoming).
  • Malek, M.A., Budhwar, P. and Reichie, B.S. (2014) Sources of Support and Expatriation: A Multiple Stakeholder Perspective of Expatriate Adjustment and Performance in Malaysia. International Journal of Human Resource Management (Forthcoming).
  • Thite, M., Budhwar, P. and Wilkinson, A. (2014) Global HR Roles and Factors Influencing their Development: Evidence from Emerging Indian IT Services Multinationals. Human Resource Management (Forthcoming).
  • Katou, A., Budhwar, P. and Patel, C. (2014) Content Vs. Process in the HRM-Performance Relationship: An Empirical Examination. Human Resource Management, 53(4): 527-544.
  • Smith, P. B, Wasti, S.A., Grigoryan, L. Achoui, M. Bdeford, O., Budhwar, P., Lebedeva, N., Leong, C.H. and Torres, C. (2014) Are Guanxi-Type Supervisor-Subordinate Relationships Culture-General? An Eight-Nation Test of Measurement Invariance. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(6): 921-938.
  • Guillaume, Y.R.F., Dawson, G., Priola, V., Scaramento, C.A., Woods, S, Higson, H., Budhwar, P. and West, M. (2014) Managing Diversity in Organizations: An Integrative Model and Agenda for Future Research. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 23(5): 783-802.
  • Jepsen, D., Sun, J.J., Budhwar, P., Klehe, U-C., Krausert, A., Raghuram, S. and Valcour, M. (2014) International Academic Careers: Personal Reflections. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(10): 1309-1326.
  • Festing, M., Budhwar, P., Cascio, W., Dowling, P.J. and Scullion, H. (2013) Current Issues in International HRM: Alternative Forms of Assignments, Careers, and Talent Management in a Global Context. German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management, 27(30): 161-166.
  • Davis, A., Parkes, C and Budhwar, P. (2013) Bridging Difference – National and Organisational Adaptation for Responsible Performance. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24 (12): 2273-2277.
  • Malek, M.A. and Budhwar, P. (2012) Cultural Intelligence as a Predictor of Expatriate Adjustment and Performance in Malaysia. Journal of World Business, 48: 222-231.
  • Shipton, H., Budhwar, P. and Crawshaw, J.  (2012) HRM, Organizational Capacity for Change, and Performance: A Global Perspective. Thunderbird International Business Review, 54(6): 777-790.
  • Varma, A., Pichler, S., Budhwar, P. and Kupferer, (2012) An Investigation of Expatriate-Local Interaction in China. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27(7): 753-768.
  • Budhwar, P. (2012) Management of Human Resources in Foreign Firms Operating in India: The Role of HR in Country-Specific Headquarters. International Journal of Human Resource Management 23(12, June): 2514-2531.
  • Katou, A. and Budhwar, P. (2012) The Link between HRM Policies, Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Organizational Performance: The Case of the Greek Services Sector. Thunderbird International Business Review, 54(6): 793-809.
  • Khatri, N., Ojha, A.K., Budhwar, P., Srinivasan, V. and Varma, A. (2012) Management Research in India: Current State and Future Directions. Indian Institute of Management Bangalore Management Review, 1-12.
  • Khatri, N., Templer, K.J. and Budhwar, P. (2012) Great (Transformational) Leadership = Chrisma + Vision. South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, 1(1): 38-62.
  • Varma, A. and Budhwar, P. (2012) Editorial: International Human Resource Management in the Indian Context. Journal of World Business 47: 157-158.
  • Patel, C., Budhwar, P. and Varma, A. (2012) Work Group Identification, Conscientiousness, Organisational Justice and Work Outcomes: Test of a Moderated Mediation Model within the Indian Call Centre Context. Journal of World Business, 47: 213-222.
  • Jain, H., Budhwar, P., Varma, A., and Venkata Ratnam, C.S. (2012) Editorial: Human Resource Management in the New Economy in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(5): 1-5.
  • Theodorakopoulos, N., Patel, C. and Budhwar, P. (2012) Editorial: Knowledge Flows, Learning and Development in an International Context, European Journal of International Management, 6(1): 1-9.
  • Pichler, S., Varma, A., and Budhwar, P. (2012) Antecedents and Consequences of the Social Categorization of Expatriates in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(5): 915-927.
  • Smith, P.B., Torres, C., Leong, C-H., Budhwar, P., Achoui, M. and Lebedeva, N. (2012) Are Indigenous Approaches to Achieving Influence in Business Organizations Distinctive? A Comparative Study of Guanxi, Wasta, Jeitinho, Svyazi, and Pulling Strings. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(2): 333-348.
  • Budhwar, P. and Varma, A. (2011) Emerging HR Management Trends in India and the Way Forward. Organizational Dynamics, 40: 317-325.
  • Woldu, H. and Budhwar, P. (2011) Cultural Value Orientations of the Former Communist Countries: A Gender-based Analysis. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(7): 1365-1386.
  • Varma, A., Budhwar, P. and Pichler, S. (2011) Chinese Host Country Nationals’ Willingness to Help Expatriates: The Role of Social Categorization. Thunderbird International Business Review, 53(3): 353-364.
  • Varma, A., Pichler, S. and Budhwar, P. (2011) The Relationship between Expatriate Job Level and Host Country National Categorization: An Investigation in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(1): 103–120.
  • Mellahi, K. and Budhwar, P. (2010) Islam and Human Resource Management. Personnel Review, 39(6): 685-691.
  • Adhikari, D., Budhwar, P. and Hirasawa, K. (2010) Changing Employment Relation Systems in Japan: Cases of Mitsubishi Corporation and Federation of Shinkin Banks. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(13): 2414–2437.
  • Katou, A., Budhwar, P., Woldu, H. and Al-Hamadi, A.B. (2010) Influence of Ethical Beliefs, National Culture and Institutions on Preferences for HRM in Oman. Personnel Review, 39(6): 728-745.
  • Bhatnagar, J., Budhwar, P., Saini, D. and Srivastava, P. (2010) Organizational Change and Development in India: A Case of Strategic Organizational Change and Transformation. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 23(5): 485-499.
  • Katou, A. and Budhwar, P. (2010) Testing Competing HRM-Performance Linkage Models: Evidence from the Greek Manufacturing Sector. The European Journal of International Management, 4(5): 464-487.
  • Budhwar, P. and Varma, A. (2010) Editorial: Emerging Patterns of HRM in the New Indian Economic Environment. Human Resource Management, 49(3): 343-351.
  • Le, J. K., Tissington, P.A. and Budhwar, P. (2010) To Move or Not to Move – A Question of Family? International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(1-3): 17-45.
  • Mellahi, K., Budhwar, P. and Baibing, L. (2010) A Study of the Relationship between Exit, Voice, Loyalty and Neglect and Commitment in India. Human Relations, 63(3): 349-369.
  • Katou, A. and Budhwar, P. (2010) Causal Relationship between HRM Policies and Organisational Performance: Evidence from the Greek Manufacturing Sector. European Management Journal, 28: 25-39.
  • Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Katou, A. and Narayanan, D. (2009) The Role of HR in cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions: The Case of Indian Pharmaceutical Firms. Multinational Business Review, 17(2): 89-110.
  • Budhwar, P., Varma, A., Malhotra, N. and Mukherjee, A. (2009) Insights into the Indian Call Centre Industry: Can Internal Marketing help tackle high employee turnover? Journal of Services Marketing, 23(5): 351-362.
  • Varma, A., Pichler, S., Budhwar, P. and Biswas, S. (2009) Chinese Host Country Nationals’ Willingness to Support Expatriates: The Role of Collectivism, Interpersonal Affect and Guanxi. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 9(2): 199-216.
  • Budhwar, P. and Debrah, Y. (2009) Future Research on Human Resource Management Systems in Asia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 26: 197-218.
  • Hirst, G., Budhwar, P., Cooper, B. K., West, M. A., Long, C., Chongyuan, X. and Shipton, H. (2008) Cross Cultural Variations in Climate for Autonomy, Stress and Organizational Productivity Relationships: A Comparison of Chinese and UK Manufacturing Organizations. Journal of International Business Studies, 39: 1343-1358.
  • Saini, D. and Budhwar, P. (2008) Managing the Human Resource in Indian SMEs: The Role of Indigenous Realities in Organizational Working. Journal of World Business, 43: 417-434.
  • Katou, A. and Budhwar, P. (2008) The Effect of Business Strategies and HRM Policies on Organizational Performance: The Greek Experience. Global Business and Organizational Excellence, 27(6): 40-57.
  • Bjorkman, I., Budhwar, P., Smale, A. and Sumelius, J. (2008) Human Resource Management in Foreign-Owned Subsidiaries: China versus India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(5): 964-978.
  • Budhwar, P., Woldu, H. and Ogbonna, E. (2008) A Comparative Analysis of Cultural Value Orientations of Indians and Migrant Indians in the USA. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 8(1): 79-105. 

Recent Presentations Given

  • Keynote speaker at the 1st HR Division Conference, 16 June 2014, Beijing, China, entitled “Comparative HRM, Convergence-Divergence & Future Research in Asia”.
  • Keynote speaker at the Conference on Excellence in Research and Education, 10th May 2014, IIM Indore, India, entitled “Changing Life of an Academic: Challenges & Way Forward”.
  • Invited speaker at AIB Annual Conference, Vancouver, 25 June 2014, entitled “Talent Management in India”.
  • Panel presentation on “Indian Economic Overview” at the West Midlands Economic Forum’s Regional Prospects Series, 20 March 2014.
  • Regularly delivers professional development workshops at leading conferences like the AOM, BAM and Indian Academy of Management on topics related to publishing in leading journals, careers, and work-life balance.

Excellent Different Distinctive