GEM Team Members

The GEM UK team consists of Professor Mark Hart from Aston Business School and Dr Jonathan Levie at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland.

ABS Professor Mark Hart
Professor Mark Hart

Professor Mark Hart is a Professor of Small Business and Entrepreneurship in the Economics and Strategy group at Aston Business School. In 2001 he was elected as one of the founding Academicians of the Academy of Social Science in the UK. Over the last 25 years, Professor Hart has worked and published extensively in the general are of Entrepreneurship, Enterprise and Small Business development. He jointly manages the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project in the UK and advises a number of Government Departments including BERR, UKTI, HMT and HMRC on enterprise issues and has undertaken a number of national evaluations of business support products and services. Since 2006 he has managed the Enterprise Research Programme at the Economic Research Institute of Northern Ireland and has been analyzing longitudinal firm-level data for the region. This has led to a project for NESTA and FORA (Danish Business Research Agency) - Mapping Firm Growth - examining the nature and impact of high growth firms in the UK and11 other OECD countries. He is also a Board member of PRIME - the Prince's Initiative for Mature Enterprise.

Dr Jonathan Levie
Dr Jonathan Levie

Dr Jonathan Levie is a Reader in the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, where he was Director from 2000 to 2005. He has held research and teaching posts at the London Business School, Babson College, INSEAD, and University College, Cork, Ireland. He holds a Ph.D. from London Business School and a B.Sc. and M.Sc. from the National University of Ireland.

Dr Levie has been researching and teaching entrepreneurship for over 25 years and has managed both new and growing firms. His current research interests include entrepreneurship and institutions, entrepreneurial management and performance, and strategic value creation and exit, and he leads the GEM UK team with Professor Mark Hart. He has published in Small Business Economics, Venture Capital, Family Business Review, Journal of Economic Issues and Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, among others. He is serves on the international advisory board of IDEA, the International Danish Entrepreneurship Academy, and on the academic advisory board of the Institute for Innovation & Information Productivity, San Francisco, US.

Dr Levie serves on the board of the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, the organization that runs Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). In 1999, he was Associate Coordinator in the first cycle of GEM. He was a founder director of Cumbrae Community Development Company, a social enterprise which recently raised £5 million in public money to regenerate the Scottish island community which has been his home for the past ten years. He is also a principal of Enable Ventures Inc, an entrepreneurial coaching company based in the United States that provides entrepreneurship training to a wide range of clients, including the National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance and the University of Kentucky Agricultural Extension Service.  


Aloña Martiarena is a PhD in Management candidate at Aston Business School in the Economics and Strategy group, where her doctorate project focuses on the analysis of intrapreneurial activities in established firms and rapidly growing new ventures. She holds a MSc in Management and Economics with distinction from the London School of Economics (2009), a BA in Business Administration and Management (2008) and Diploma in Business Science (2006) at the University of the Basque Country (Spain) with National University Education-End-of-course Prize.

Alona has been involved in the research on Entrepreneurship since 2007, when she joined the Entrepreneurship area at Orkestra, Basque Institute of Competitiveness (Spain) and become member of the Basque GEM team. Her major interests lie in the study of intrapreneurial activities, economics of organisation, new start up performance and regional development. 


Mohammed Shamsul Karim is working in the area of youth entrepreneurship as part of his PhD in Management at Aston Business School in the Economics and Strategy group.  Karim completed his MA in International Business from the London Metropolitan University, UK under the staff development scholarship programme of International Islamic University Chittagong (IIUC), Bangladesh where he worked for several years as a faculty member and was Head of the Department of Business Administration.

He has also completed his BBA and MBA in Management (First class) from the University of Chittagong, Bangladesh and has been awarded a scholarship for his result by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh.

Michael Anyadike- Danes
: In 1997, I joined the Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre in Belfast, after a decade as Professor of Quantitative Economics at the University of the West Indies in Barbados, and now Head of Research at the Economic Research Institute of Northern Ireland. The premise of my work at ERINI is that policies to improve economic performance must necessarily be firmly grounded upon careful data analysis. Accordingly, my key concern is to contribute to the development of the evidence base for policy. ERINI’s enterprise research programme, the principal focus of my work, has three strands: exploration of the correlates of individual involvement in entrepreneurial activity using GEM data; investigation of the spatial distribution of new firm formation rates; and an enquiry into processes of job creation and destruction using firm-level  data.


Yasser Bhatti is a Higher Education Commission doctoral scholar from Pakistan with research emphasis on the interplay of Regional Clusters, Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Before starting his current PhD programme at Said Business School-University of Oxford, he completed the MSc in Management Research also at Said with distinction. His MSc dissertation titled "Establishing the effect of regional clusters on entrepreneurial activity -- Evidence from the UK" was based on data from the UK Global Entrepreneurship Monitor and was awarded the Dan Gowler prize for best MSc dissertation at Said Business School.

Stints at entrepreneurial start-ups are spread throughout his career which explains his passion to research and propagate a spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship. In addition to being a research member of the GEM UK National team, he is helping to establish GEM Pakistan and is also affiliated with the Oxford Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation.


Employable Graduates; Exploitable Research